Manipur may be characterised in two distinct physical regions
- an outlying area of rugged hills and narrow valleys and the
inner area represents the features of flat plain topography
with all associated land forms. These two areas are not only
distinct in respect of physical features but are also
conspicuous with regard to various floras and faunas.
valley region would have been a monotonous, featureless plain
but for a number of hills and mounds rising above the flat
surface. The Loktak lake is an important geographic feature of
the central plain area. The total area occupied by all the
lakes is about 600 Sq.Km. The altitude ranges from 40m at
Jiribam to as high as 2,994m at Iso Peak near Mao above MSL.