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Saturday, 08 June, 2013

 

Vegetation

The natural vegetation occupies an area of about 14,365 sq. km. which is nearly 64% of the total geographical area of the State. The vegetation consists of a large variety of plants ranging from short and tall grasses, reeds and bamboos to trees of various species. Broadly, there are four types of forests below:

(1)    Tropical Semi-ever Green
(2)    Dry Temperate Forest
(3)    Sub-Tropical Pine
(4)    Tropical Moist Deciduous

Teak, Pine, Oak, Uningthou, Leihao, Bamboo, Cane, etc. are important forest resources growing in plenty. In addition, rubber, tea, coffee, orange, cardamom, etc. are also, grown in hill areas. The forests offer avenue of livelihood and employment to large section of the hill population.

Food and cash crops occupy the main vegetation cover in the valley. Paddy occupies about 86% of the total valley area. Other important crops include sugarcane, potato, tobacco, mustard and pulses. Horticultural trees and plants like pineapple, banana, lemon, pears, peach, etc. constitute other vegetation cover.

 

 

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