natural vegetation occupies an area of about 14,365 sq. km.
which is nearly 64% of the total geographical area of the
State. The vegetation consists of a large variety of plants
ranging from short and tall grasses, reeds and bamboos to
trees of various species. Broadly, there are four types of
Tropical Semi-ever Green
(2) Dry Temperate Forest
(3) Sub-Tropical Pine
(4) Tropical Moist Deciduous
Pine, Oak, Uningthou, Leihao, Bamboo, Cane, etc. are important
forest resources growing in plenty. In addition, rubber, tea,
coffee, orange, cardamom, etc. are also, grown in hill areas.
The forests offer avenue of livelihood and employment to large
section of the hill population.
and cash crops occupy the main vegetation cover in the valley.
Paddy occupies about 86% of the total valley area. Other
important crops include sugarcane, potato, tobacco, mustard
and pulses. Horticultural trees and plants like pineapple,
banana, lemon, pears, peach, etc. constitute other vegetation