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Saturday, 08 June, 2013

 

 

HANDLOOM SECTOR

From time immemorial handloom industry has been playing a vital role in the state economy. The traditional skill of handloom weaving was not only a status symbol for the women-folk but it was also an indispensable aspect of the socio-economic life. Handloom weaving is by far the largest and the most important cottage industry in the state. The products so produced are most-superb quality. Moreover, the costliest fabrics can only be produced by the dexterity of the human hands and no sophisticated machinery whatsoever can ever compete with the colors and designs which give a lasting, fascinating effect.

Manipur has 3.40 lakh weavers and 2.77 looms producing 8.64 million meters of handloom fabrics and consuming 1 million Kg. of yarn per month as per the National Handloom Census, 1996-97. Of this, about 30% of the total weavers are under Co-operative fold and 70% are outside the Cooperative fold.

Handloom Population and  production:

As per the National Handloom & Powerloom Census conducted during the year 1996-97, population of looms & weavers in Manipur are given hereunder:-

Sl. No.

District Name

No. of weaver

No. of loom

Consumption of yarn per month  Production of cloth per month

( in  Kg.)

(in  Metre)

1. Imphal 91820 68273

5, 01,936

44, 26,402
2. Thoubal 37835 26586

1, 60,334

19, 33,600
3. Bishnupur

53069

31420 1, 86,294 13, 25,974
4. Churachandpur 39294 43847 56,502 3, 61,953
5. Ukhrul  24233 22629 23,567 1, 98,933
6. Tamenglong 35577 36918 1, 02,953 2, 29,434
7. Senapati 44250 35443 12,763 92,901
8. Chandel  13554 11639 26,204 71,615
  Total 339632 276755 10, 70,553 86, 40,812

In respect of Imphal, Thoubal and Bishnupur districts, the main handloom products are  Cotton, Polyester cloths like Sarees, Made up bed sheet, curtain, towel(Bath towels, hand towels, face towels, etc), Table cloths,  Fashion garments with intricated designs, cushion covers, pillow covers, Upholstery, Draperies, Scarves, Terry towels, dessing gown, lashingphee(cotton tweed cloth) etc. and the remaining five hill districts from Sl.No. 4 to 8 are mainly produced Acrylic/wool cloth like Tribal Shawl, ladies lungies, Wall hanging & coverings, Upholstery, hanging bags, curtain, home furnishing etc.

Projected target of production on full utilisation of existing manpower & equipment:

 

Sl. No.

District Name

No. of weaver

No. of loom

Consumption of yarn per month  Production of cloth per month

( in  Kg.)

(in  Metre)

1. Imphal 91820 68273 8, 36,560 73, 77,337
2. Thoubal 37835 26586 2, 67,224 32, 22,667
3. Bishnupur

53069

31420 3, 10,491 22, 09,957
4. Churachandpur 39294 43847 1, 88,340 12, 06,512
5. Ukhrul  24233 22629 78,557 6, 63,112
6. Tamenglong 35577 36918 3, 43,179 7, 64,781
7. Senapati 44250 35443 42,546 3, 09,670
8. Chandel  13554 11639 87,349 2, 38,717
  Total 339632 276755 21, 54,246 159, 92,753

It is seen from the above two tables, that  the first table shows the normal production of consumption of yarn in absence of proper designing techniques and marketing outlet and the second table shows the projected target as and when the new designing techniques is introduced and  marketing is assured with the same population of manpower and looms.

Reason of low production:

Around 40% of weavers are not working fully during the whole year of 12 months in respect of valley district, where conventional Fly Shuttle Looms and weavers are concentrated and 70% of the weavers in case of hill district due to:-

(a)       Fear psychosis, presuming that bulk production would not find market.
(b)       Lack of modern and improved techniques of designing.
(c )      Lack of awareness of the modern fast changing market scenario.

Existing Market Mechanism:

(a)      Marketing under the Co-operative Organisations.
(b)      Marketing under Govt. undertaking/owned Corporation/deptt.
(c )     Marketing by independent weavers.
(d)      Marketing under Master Weavers.

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